Home > Camellias > Autumn flowering Camellias

Generally much less well-known and appreciated than their spring-flowering cousins, the autumn-flowering camellias provide cheer in the dull days of autumn and early winter, with their small neat leaves,bright coloured flowers and unusual scent. Most are varieties of Camellia sasanqua, with a few assigned to the closely related species Camellia hiemalis and Camellia x vernalis, and as a group are often just refered to as 'Sasanqua Camellias'.

Unlike most camellias, they are tolerant of hot sun and for this reason are widely grown in Australia and California. In the UK they are best grown in a sunny, sheltered position where the warmth and high light intensity will ensure that they flower well.

Plant habits range from low-growing, neat and compact (Dwarf Shishi) to the upright and bushy (Gay Sue) or vigorous and open (Snow Flurry).

The more bushy varieties are excellent for hedging - allow 60cm (2ft) between each plant and trim each year in late winter or early spring before the new growth starts.

The sasanquas can be grown quite well in soils that are nearer to neutral, and will also tolerate either drier or wetter conditions better than most other camellias. Some of the more compact varieties make excellent plants for containers.

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Camellia hiemalis Bonanza Camellia hiemalis Kanjiro Camellia hiemalis Shishigashira
Deep rose pink, loose paeony-form flowers with yellow stamens produced in October and November Upright, dense and rapid growth. Prefers a sunny, sheltered position.

Scented, rose-pink semi-double flowers in November/December. Vigorous, upright habit with glossy, dark green leaves. Prefers a sunny, sheltered position. Deep pink, scented, medium-sized, double flowers in November/December. Slow growing with a dense, spreading habit. Prefers a sunny, sheltered position.
Camellia hiemalis Sparkling Burgundy Camellia hybrid Snow Flurry Camellia oleifera
Usually one of the earliest of the autumn-flowering camellias to bloom, with anemone to paeony-form, rose pink flowers from early October to November.
Upright, vigorous and slightly open habit.
An extremely cold hardy hybrid of Camellia oleifera that can withstand prolonged temperatures of -15C. White, scented, anemone-form flowers in October/November. Upright, vigorous and spreading habit. Prefers a sunny, sheltered position. Flat, single, white flowers, with yellow stamens. The petals are occasionally tipped pink and the flowers are strongly scented. Flowers in November/December.
Camellia Sasanqua Crimson King Camellia sasanqua Dwarf Shishi Camellia sasanqua Fuji-no-mine
Deep crimson single flowers, with attractive golden stamens. Growth is upright and very open, particularly as a young plant. Flowers October to November. Prefers a sunny, sheltered position. Small, deep pink, rose-form double flowers in November/December. Very compact, with a low-growing, spreading habit. Large, pure white, scented, formal double flower with numerous, rounded petals. Vigorous, upright and fast growth with slender branches. Flowers in November/December.
Camellia sasanqua Gay Sue Camellia sasanqua Hugh Evans Camellia sasanqua Mignonne
White, loose paeony-form flowers with frilled petals and a strong musk scent, buds tipped pink. Medium rate, upright, dense growth. Very free-flowering in October/November. Prefers a sunny, sheltered position.
Scented, medium size, rose pink, single flowers produced in October/November. Vigorous, upright and spreading growth. Free flowering. Prefers a sunny, sheltered position. Small, fragrant, light pink, formal double flowers in October/November.
camellia sasanqua Momozono Nishiki Camellia sasanqua Narumigata Camellia sasanqua Navajo
Single, white flowers bordered with rose-red, produced in October/November. Vigorous, upright, open habit. Prefers a sunny, sheltered position. Large, white, scented single flowers edged with pink. Upright and vigorous habit. Flowers October to November. Prefers a sunny, sheltered position. The red buds open to large, white, scented, semi-double flowers with a red border to each petal. Vigorous, upright and bushy growth. Flowers in October/November.
Camellia sasanqua Plantation Pink Camellia sasanqua Rainbow Camellia sasanqua Tanya
Large, scented, pink, single flowers in October/November. Vigorous, upright, open habit. Prefers a sunny, sheltered position. Single, white flowers bordered with red. Very prolific flowering in October and November. Upright, vigorous habit. Prefers a sunny, sheltered position. One of the most compact, free-flowering and attractive of the sasanquas. Small, scented, deep rose-pink, single flowers on a low growing plant suitable for prostrate training. Flowers in October/November. Ideal for growing in containers. Best in a sunny, sheltered position
Camellia sasanqua Variegata Camellia vernalis Yuletide
Small, single, scented, white flowers with rose pink tips to the petals, but the real attraction of this variety is the variegated foliage. The robust, dark green leaves with silvery-green margins enhance the display of flowers, while the young growth is a striking purplish colour before it matures. A vigorous, very upright growth habit, forming a dense bush. Small, brilliant red, fragrant single flowers with a bright centre of golden anthers. Flowers between November and January, so usually in flower at Christmas.